ISTQB Foundation Sample Question Paper No. 1

ISTQB Foundation Sample Question Paper #1
1. Deciding How much testing is enough should take into account :-
i. Level of Risk including Technical and Business product and project risk
ii. Project constraints such as time and budget
iii. Size of Testing Team
iv. Size of the Development Team

a) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
b) i,,iv are true and ii is false
c) i,ii are true and iii,iv are false
d) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false

2. Test planning has which of the following major tasks?
i. Determining the scope and risks, and identifying the objectives of testing.
ii. Determining the test approach (techniques,test items, coverage, identifying and interfacing the teams involved in testing , testware)
iii. Reviewing the Test Basis (such as requirements,architecture,design,interface)
iv. Determining the exit criteria.

a) i,ii,iv are true and iii is false
b) i,,iv are true and ii is false
c) i,ii are true and iii,iv are false
d) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false

3. Evaluating testability of the requirements and system are a part of which phase:-
a) Test Analysis and Design
b) Test Planning and control
c) Test Implementation and execution
d) Evaluating exit criteria and reporting

4. One of the fields on a form contains a text box which accepts alphabets in lower or upper case. Indentify the invalid Equivalance class value.
b. cLASS
c. CLass
d. CLa01ss

5. In a system designed to work out the tax to be paid:
An employee has £4000 of salary tax free. The next £1500 is taxed at 10% The next £28000 is taxed at 22% Any further amount is taxed at 40% Which of these groups of numbers would fall into the same equivalence class?

a) £4800; £14000; £28000
b) £5200; £5500; £28000
c) £28001; £32000; £35000
d) £5800; £28000; £32000

6. Which of the following has highest level of independence in which test cases are :
a) Designed by persons who write the software under test
b) Designed by a person from a different section
c) Designed by a person from a different organization
d) Designed by another person

7. We use the output of the requirement analysis, the requirement specification as the input for writing :-
a) User Acceptance Test Cases
b) Integration Level Test Cases
c) Unit Level Test Cases
d) Program specifications

8. Validation involves which of the following
i. Helps to check the Quality of the Built Product
ii. Helps to check that we have built the right product.
iii. Helps in developing the product
iv. Monitoring tool wastage and obsoleteness.

a) Options i,ii,iii,iv are true.
b) ii is true and i,iii,iv are false
c) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
d) iii is true and i,ii,iv are false.

9. Which of the following uses Impact Analysis most?
a) Component testing
b) Non-functional system testing
c) User acceptance testing
d) Maintenance testing

10. What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?
A. Citibank card member, holding a Silver room
B. Non Citibank-member, holding a Platinum room

a) A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.
b) A – Don’t offer any upgrade, B – Offer upgrade to Gold.
c) A – Offer upgrade to Silver, B – Offer upgrade to Silver.
d) A – Offer upgrade to Gold, B – Don’t offer any upgrade.
11. Repeated Testing of an already tested program, after modification, to discover any defects introduced or uncovered as a result of the changes in the software being tested or in another related or unrelated software component:
a) Re Testing .
b) Confirmation Testing
c) Regression Testing
d) Negative Testing

12. Impact Analysis helps to decide :-a) How much regression testing should be done.
b) Exit Criteria
c) How many more test cases need to written.
d) Different Tools to perform Regression Testing

13. Functional system testing is:
a) testing that the system functions with other systems
b) testing that the components that comprise the system function together
c) testing the end to end functionality of the system as a whole
d) testing the system performs functions within specified response times

14. Consider the above state transition diagram of a switch.
Which of the following represents an invalid state transition?

a) OFF to ON
b) ON to OFF
c) FAULT to ON

15. Peer Reviews are also called as :-a) Inspection
b) Walkthrough
c) Technical Review
d) Formal Review

16. Consider the following statements:
i. 100% statement coverage guarantees 100% branch coverage.
ii. 100% branch coverage guarantees 100% statement coverage.
iii. 100% branch coverage guarantees 100% decision coverage.
iv. 100% decision coverage guarantees 100% branch coverage.
v. 100% statement coverage guarantees 100% decision coverage.

a) ii is True; i, iii, iv & v are False
b) i & v are True; ii, iii & iv are False
c) ii & iii are True; i, iv & v are False
d) ii, iii & iv are True; i & v are False

17. The Kick Off phase of a formal review includes the following :-
a) Explaining the objective
b) Fixing defects found typically done by author
c) Follow up
d) Individual Meeting preparations

18. Match every stage of the software Development Life cycle with the Testing Life cycle:i. Hi-level design a Unit tests
ii. Code b Acceptance tests
iii. Low-level design c System tests
iv. Business requirements d Integration tests

a) i-d , ii-a , iii-c , iv-b
b) i-c , ii-d , iii-a , iv-b
c) i-b , ii-a , iii-d , iv-c
d) i-c , ii-a , iii-d , iv-b

19. Which of the following is not phase of the Fundamental Test Process?a) Test Planning and Control
b) Test implementation and Execution
c) Requirement Analysis
d) Evaluating Exit criteria and reporting

20. Which of the following techniques is NOT a black box technique?
a) State transition testing
b) LCSAJ (Linear Code Sequence and Jump)
c) syntax testing
d) boundary value analysis

21. Success Factors for a review include :
i. Each Review does not have a predefined objective
ii. Defects found are welcomed and expressed objectively
iii. Management supports a good review process.
iv. There is an emphasis on learning and process improvement.

a) ii,iii,iv are correct and i is incorrect
b) iii , i , iv is correct and ii is incorrect
c) i , iii , iv , ii is in correct
d) ii is correct

22. Defects discovered by static analysis tools include :
i. Variables that are never used.
ii. Security vulnerabilities.
iii. Programming Standard Violations
iv. Uncalled functions and procedures

a) i , ii,iii,iv is correct
b) iii ,is correct I,ii,iv are incorrect.
c) i ,ii, iii and iv are incorrect
d) iv, ii is correct

23. Test Conditions are derived from :-
a) Specifications
b) Test Cases
c) Test Data
d) Test Design

24. Which of the following is true about White and Black Box Testing Technique:-
a) Equivalance partitioning, Decision Table and Control flow are White box Testing Techniques.
b) Equivalence partitioning , Boundary Value Analysis , Data Flow are Black Box Testing Techniques.
c) Equivalence partitioning , State Transition , Use Case Testing are black box Testing Techniques.
d) Equivalence Partioning , State Transition , Use Case Testing and Decision Table are White Box Testing Techniques.

25. Regression testing should be performed:
i. every week
ii. after the software has changed
iii. as often as possible
iv. when the environment has changed
v. when the project manager says

a) i & ii are true, iii, iv & v are false
b) ii, iii & iv are true, i & v are false
c) ii & iv are true, i, iii & v are false
d) ii is true, i, iii, iv & v are false

26. Benefits of Independent Testing
a) Independent testers are much more qualified than Developers
b) Independent testers see other and different defects and are unbiased.
c) Independent Testers cannot identify defects.
d) Independent Testers can test better than developers

27. Minimum Tests Required for Statement Coverage and Branch Coverage :-Read P
Read Q
If p+q > 100 then
Print “Large”
End if
If p > 50 then
Print “pLarge”
End if

a) Statement coverage is 2, Branch Coverage is 2
b) Statement coverage is 3 and branch coverage is 2
c) Statement coverage is 1 and branch coverage is 2
d) Statement Coverage is 4 and Branch coverage is 2

28. Minimum Test Required for Statement Coverage :-Disc = 0
Order-qty = 0
Read Order-qty
If Order-qty >=20 then
Disc = 0.05
If Order-qty >=100 then
Disc =0.1
End if
End if

a) Statement coverage is 4
b) Statement coverage is 1
c) Statement coverage is 3
d) Statement Coverage is 2

29. The structure of an incident report is covered in the Standard for Software Test Documentation IEEE 829 and is called as : -
a) Anomaly Report
b) Defect Report
c) Test Defect Report
d) Test Incident Report

30. Which of the following is the task of a Test Lead / Leader.
i. Interaction with the Test Tool Vendor to identify best ways to leverage test tool on the project.
ii. Write Test Summary Reports based on the information gathered during testing
iii. Decide what should be automated , to what degree and how.
iv. Create the Test Specifications

a) i, ii, iii is true and iv is false
b) ii,iii,iv is true and i is false
c) i is true and ii,iii,iv are false
d) iii and iv is correct and i and ii are incorrect

31. Features of White Box Testing Technique :-i. We use explicit knowledge of the internal workings of the item being tested to select the test data.
ii. Uses specific knowledge of programming code to examine outputs and assumes that the tester knows the path of logic in a unit or a program.
iii. Checking for the performance of the application
iv. Also checks for functionality.

a) i, ii are true and iii and iv are false
b) iii is true and i,ii, iv are false
c) ii ,iii is true and i,iv is false
d) iii and iv are true and i,ii are false

32. Which of the following is a part of Test Closure Activities?i. Checking which planned deliverables have been delivered
ii. Defect report analysis.
iii. Finalizing and archiving testware.
iv. Analyzing lessons.

a) i , ii , iv are true and iii is false
b) i , ii , iii are true and iv is false
c) i , iii , iv are true and ii is false
d) All of above are true

33. Which of the following will be the best definition for Testing :-a) The goal / purpose of testing is to demonstrate that the program works.
b) The purpose of testing is to demonstrate that the program is defect free.
c) The purpose of testing is to demonstrate that the program does what it is supposed to do.
d) Testing is executing Software for the purpose of finding defects.

34. Which of the following is not a type of incremental testing approach?a) Top down
b) Big-bang
c) Bottom up
d) Functional incrementation.

35. Drivers are also known as:
i. Spade
ii. Test harness
iii. Scaffolding
a) i , ii are true and iii is false
b) i , iii are true and ii is false
c) ii , iii are true and i is false
d) All of the above are true

36. Exit Criteria may consist of :-i. Thoroughness measures , such as coverage of code, functionality or risk
ii. Estimates of Defect density or reliability measures.
iii. Residual risk such as defects not fixed or lack of test coverage in certain areas
iv. Verifying the Test Environment.

a) iv is correct and i,ii,iii are incorrect.
b) i,ii,iii is correct and iv is incorrect
c) ii is correct and i,ii,iii are incorrect
d) iii and iv are correct and i,ii are incorrect

37. Which of the following helps in monitoring the Test Progress:-i. Percentage of Test Case Execution
ii. Percentage of work done in test environment preparation.
iii. Defect Information e.g. defect density, defects found and fixed
iv. The size of the testing Team and skills of the engineers

a) iv is correct and i,ii,iii are incorrect
b) i,ii,iii are correct and iv is incorrect
c) i,ii are correct and iii,iv are incorrect
d) i,iv are correct and ii , iii are incorrect

38. The selection of a test approach should consider the context :-i. Risk of Failure of the Project, hazards to the product and risks of product failure to humans
ii. Skills and experience of the people in the proposed technique, tools and methods
iii. The objective of the testing endeavor and the mission of the testing team.
iv. The size of the testing Team

a) i,ii,iii,iv are true
b) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false.
c) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false.
d) i,iv are true and ii, iii are false.

39. In case of Large Systems :-a) Only few tests should be run
b) Testing should be on the basis of Risk
c) Only Good Test Cases should be executed.
d) Test Cases written by good test engineers should be executed.

40. The Provision and Management of a controlled library containing all the configurations items is called asa) Configuration Control
b) Status Accounting
c) Configuration Identification
d) Configuration Identification

Answers :

1 c
2 a
3 a
4 d
5 d
6 c
7 a
8 b
9 d
10 d
11 c
12 a
13 c
14 c
15 c
16 d
17 a
18 d
19 c
20 b
21 a
22 a
23 a
24 c
25 c
26 b
27 c
28 b
29 d
30 a
31 a
32 c
33 d
34 b
35 c
36 b
37 b
38 b
39 b
40 a


  1. thank u for yr kind help to putting all istqb questions

  2. It will be great if explanation for answers will be provided..that will help to clear the concepts..
    thank you!

  3. Okay Gitanjali explanation will be provided very soon.
    In fact I am working on it as of now.

  4. hi, for question 29, the correct answer is d, but you wrote the correct answer a.
    Can you tell me which one is wright. And the explanation.
    Thank you!

    1. Hello Elena,

      Thanks for the pointing the typo error.
      The typo error in the answer section is corrected.

      According to the ISTQB section "5.6 INCIDENT MANAGEMENT" section the correct answer is: "Test Incident Report".

      While running a test, one might come across actual results that vary from the expected result.
      Some scenario which is not described any where and also it is not expected from the system at the time testing. Usually the aim of testing is to find the problems and unexpected situations. Commonly we call these kind of situations as "INCIDENTS".
      And incidents are reported using "Test Incident Reports".


    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

    3. IEEE 829 covers only "Anomaly Report", not "Test Incident Reports" (, so the correct answer for question 29 is "a".

    4. hi its a good practice to do these question papers . Thanks ISTQB

  5. Thanks for sharing this post realy help full for me by Latest practice test questions

  6. Hi,

    I think the correct answer for question 16 is 'c'. Only (ii) and (iii) are correct.
    Please reply the correct answer.

    1. Hi,
      I also think option "C" is correct for question 16. Can anyone please confirm?

      Thanks in advance,

    2. Hi guys,

      The correct answer is option 'd' . if we have done 100% branch coverage that meant we have covered 100% statement coverage too. Until unless u cover 100% statement coverage, 100% branch coverage is not possible.

    3. Option: d is correct because Decision Coverage is also known as Branch Coverage

  7. Hi,

    I think the correct answer for Question 32 is "d". All of the above as mentioned in the ISTQB Foundation Syllbus.

    Please reply the correct answer.

    1. I also think so but little confused :)

    2. Hi
      I think for Q 32 answer is "C" is correct. According to ISTQB syllabus
      Test closure activities include the following major tasks:
      o Checking which planned delivrables have been delivered
      o Closing incident reports or raising change records for any that remain open
      o Documenting the acceptance of the system
      o Finalizing and archiving test ware, the test environment and the test infrastructure for later reuse
      o Handing over the testware to the maintenance organization
      o Analyzing lessons learned to determine changes needed for future releases and projects
      o Using the information gathered to improve test maturity

    3. Incident and defect reports are not same. An incident must be investigated and may turn out to be a defect. Don’t consider there is any relationship between “Defect report analysis” and “Closing incident reports or raising change records for any that remain open”.
      So i still stay with "C".

  8. Hi

    I think option "D" is correct for the question 16.Branch coverage and Decision coverage are same.


  9. Hi we didn't get the explanations yet

  10. please tell me the correct answer for 16th question?

  11. Hey, nice site you have here! Keep up the excellent work!


  12. hi i have doubt on Q33 - the answer shows as b .could any one explain me please why it is B .
    I think the answer is A.

    1. for the Q33 answer is "D"
      Which of the following will be the best definition for Testing
      A) Testing is executing Software for the purpose of finding defects.

  13. Can anyone please explain me in detail about the calculation of statement, branch and path coverage?

  14. can i consider the same level of difficulty for the 2013 exam pattern also or is there any change in the exam pattern for this year.. can i except same level of difficulty in the questionare or it would be more difficult than this??? planning to give my exam in next month pls suggest..thanks

  15. This comment has been removed by the author.

  16. I think Question number 18 answer should be (A).So Please review it.

  17. Can anyone help me with the questions 16, 27, 28? Please provide explanation. Thanks for the help.

  18. Hi, i think the answer for question 16 is (C)

    - Branch coverage: The percentage of branches that have been exercised by a test suite.
    100% branch coverage implies both 100% decision coverage and 100% statement coverage. (Glossary 2.2)
    => ii & iii are true, i & iv are false

    - Decision coverage is stronger than statement coverage
    => v is false

  19. Can anyone expain how the 10th question has to be solved...??
    I am not able to clear the Concept for that question.

  20. Hi,

    the way you need to read this question is following.
    If client has CitiBank Card (true/false) and a certain type of room (silver/platinium) then a given set of actions is taken.

    if client has a member card and has a sliver room then offer an upgrade to gold luxury
    if client has a member card but has a platinum room then offer an upgrade to silver room
    if client does not have a member card do not offer anything.

    if you read it this way you'll see that since A client has a memeber card and a silver room the only option is actually answer d).

    hope it's helpful

  21. Hi,

    Any one please advise me, the questions are here, would that help when you go for the exam. If any one had given a exam after practiced the above question, and how far the scenarios are covered in the ISTQB exam. pls share your experience.


  22. hi all,
    i going to write istq by this mnth , is this sample papers enough to clear the exam..., guide me friends

    thanks in advance

    1. Download ISTQB Papers @

      Software Testing articles can be found on this recommended blogs:

      Also if you're interested in studying ITIL v3 below is some recommended resources

    2. Can you explain question 2.)

  23. Regarding all aspects the blog was perfectly nice.
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  24. Please help me explain the result of question 5. Why d?

    1. I.4000 => tax free
      II.4000+1500 (as the text says "the next 1500") = 5500 => 10% tax (between 4000 and 5500)
      III.5500+28000 (as the text says "the next 28000") = 32500 => 22% tax (between 5500 and 32500)
      IV.>32500 (as the text says "Any further amount") => 40% tax
      Now, if you look at the statement "III." you will find that only this values: 5800, 28000 & 32000 have one corresponding tax wich is 22% => the answer is "d."

    2. there's a typo error 5500+28000 = 33500 :)) My fault , but doesn't change the answer

  25. Your blogs and every other content are thus interesting and helpful it makes me return back again.

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  26. Hi, can anyone please explain question 15?
    Thank you

    1. according to the 3.2.3 section ( page 34) of the foundation level course, the peer review comes under technical review

  27. Hi, are the variants for Q2 100% correct? Determine the Exit criteria is also a task of test planning, but the answer stated as correct excludes it. Can someone please explain why?

    1. Hi Exit criteria is not part of planning. Exit criteria comes after we stop testing. ( its the time to decide when to stop testing. It includes, test results, defects found and fixed ) so it will not come under planning

  28. Q34: Answer should be 'b'. Please explain why it is d?

  29. Can any one please let me know now the istqb foundation level is online exam?

  30. hi,
    can you please let me know from where the questions and answers have been referred? I see many people discussing which is the right answer. If there is any reference , we can make sure the answers you provided are correct, however its a very good exercise

  31. Can u please help with Question number 5?

  32. I Have Study Material For Bank Exams 2014 Exam For Maths/Reasoning/English/IT/Law/HR/Marketing/General Awareness.Please Mail Me At To Get Details Mentioning The Exam Name.

  33. For 33. Which of the following will be the best definition for Testing :-

    I think the correct answer is "C" but in answer list it marked "D" as correct can any one tell which answer is correct and why?

  34. Prepare for the test with free GMAT Sample Questions. Improve your GMAT score with full explanation of GMAT sample questions.

  35. Great Post and share nice questions i read all questions . that's good.

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  36. Can someone please explain the statement coverage in Q 27 and Q 28 ?

  37. Hi all,
    I am going to write ISTQB exam in this Dec.Is this model question paper is enough to clear.
    Please someone send me some 2014 dump files to my